What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. As of 2019, clinical research on CBD included studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain, but there is still insufficient high-quality evidence that it is effective for these conditions.
Cannabidiol can be taken into the body in multiple ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by mouth. It may be supplied as CBD oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (excluding tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes), CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, capsules, dried cannabis, or prescription liquid solution. CBD does not have the same psychoactivity as THC, and may change the effects of THC on the body if both are present. As of 2018, the mechanism of action for its biological effects has not been determined.
What is CBD used for?
Cannabidiol is most commonly used for seizure disorder (epilepsy). It is also used for anxiety, pain, a muscle disorder called dystonia, Parkinson disease, Crohn disease, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
Is CBD a drug?
CBD is a single compound in the cannabis plant, and marijuana is a type of cannabis plant or plant material that contains many naturally occurring compounds, including CBD and THC. The FDA has approved only one CBD product, a prescription drug product to treat two rare, severe forms of epilepsy.
Does CBD show up on a drug test?
Cannabidiol (CBD) shouldn’t show up on a drug test. However, many CBD products contain trace amounts of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), marijuana’s main active ingredient. If enough THC is present, it will show up on a drug test. This means that in rare cases, using CBD might lead to a positive drug test.
Are there any bad side effects of CBD?
Though it’s often well-tolerated, CBD can cause side effects, such as dry mouth, diarrhea, reduced appetite, drowsiness and fatigue. CBD can also interact with other medications you’re taking, such as blood thinners. Another cause for concern is the unreliability of the purity and dosage of CBD in products.
CBD in Europe: Where is it legal and where is it not?
CBD is legal everywhere except Slovakia
Being in possession of, using and purchasing cannabis is legal everywhere in the EU except for Slovakia. In fact, it can be easily purchased from anywhere between Italy and Norway, and industrial hemp is grown abundantly in Europe for the manufacture of CBD products.
CBD remains a grey area with respect to Italy, whose laws are continually fluctuating and changing with respect to hemp and hemp-derived products. While the country enjoyed a period of legal hemp, the current government recently overturned this law, putting it back into illegal territory.
However, many cannabis products are still being sold in Italy, as businesses have not been instructed to close down. As it stands, the situation regarding hemp and CBD is confusing and turbulent in Italy.
With Slovakia and Italy as exceptions, Europeans can travel freely around Europe with their cannabis products.
Not all CBD products are equal in Europe
EU regulations mean that certain CBD products are regulated more heavily than others, and different rules apply in different countries. For example, the EU, in early 2019, released “guidance” stating that CBD products are considered “novel foods”. It can take up to 3 years for a “novel food” to be approved in the EU, therefore creating some compliance issues for countries that are already freely selling CBD.
In The Netherlands, it is illegal to sell isolated cannabinoids to the public. While both CBD and THC are legal in The Netherlands, and THC and CBD products are generally available, CBD isolate and THC extracts are nowhere to be found in stores. Interestingly, it is still legal to manufacture these products, and many Dutch companies export their THC extracts to the rest of the world. Isolated cannabis is used in the manufacture of vape juices and CBD oil only in The Netherlands.
This is contrary to the Czech Republic, Italy (tentatively) and Switzerland for example, where it is legal to sell CBD isolate to the public. This is not true for THC, as THC is still illegal in these countries. However, customers can purchase CBD isolates freely.
We encourage you to research CBD, as there are many credible sources to find journals, reports and case studies on the effects and use of cannabidiol.
Also you can read our website CBD blogs for more information and research.
All our CBD products are sold as a dietary food supplement, we do not make any medical claims for the use of CBD.
Our products are not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. It is recommended to check with physician before starting a new dietary supplement program.